Examples of convergent evolution between Camponotus and Colobopsis: phragmosis in A and B; shiny elongate heads in C and D; coarse sculpture and spination across tagmata in E and F; and anteroposteriorly compressed and dorsally bulging mesosomata in G and H. Scale bars: 0.5 mm for A–F, 1.0 mm for G, H. A: Camponotus ulcerosus (CASENT0102784). B: Colobopsis obliqua (CASENT0103722). C: Camponotus claviscapus (JTLC000004447). D: Colobopsis markli (CASENT0911638). E: Camponotus heathi (CASENT0173421). F: Colobopsis dentata (CASENT0177557). G: Camponotus helleri (CASENT0173421), dorsal pilosity of body omitted. H: Colobopsis schmeltzi (CASENT0180467), dorsal pilosity of body omitted. Images from AntWeb (www.antweb.org); photographers April Nobile (A–C, G), Zach (Ziv) Lieberman (D), Shannon Hartman (E), Eli Sarnat (F), Evan Economo (H).

  Part of: Ward PS, Boudinot BE (2021) Grappling with homoplasy: taxonomic refinements and reassignments in the ant genera Camponotus and Colobopsis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 79: 37-56. https://doi.org/10.3897/asp.79.e66978