Names excluded from Aphaenogaster and examples of morphologically similar species belonging to the new assigned genus (photographs from A, B Messor asmaae comb. nov., CASENT0922290, photo by M. Esposito; C, D Messor isekram comb nov., CASENT0913609, syntype, photo by W. Ericson; E, F Messor lamellicornis, CASENT0281598, photo by M. Esposito. G Pheidole sarae comb. nov., CASENT0922294, photo by M. Esposito; H Pheidole pallidula, CASENT0249410, photo by Shannon Hartman.

  Part of: Schifani E, Alicata A, Menchetti M, Borowiec L, Fisher BL, Karaman C, Kiran K, Oueslati W, Salata S, Blatrix R (2022) Revisiting the morphological species groups of West-Palearctic Aphaenogaster ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) under a phylogenetic perspective: toward an evolutionary classification. Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 80: 627-648.