Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 68(1): 35-52, doi: 10.3897/asp.68.e31713
Phylogeny and taxonomy of the Neotropical Thepytus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Theclinae)
expand article infoRobert K. Robbins, Robert Busby, Marcelo Duarte
‡ Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America
Open Access
The Neotropical lycaenid hairstreak genus Thepytus Robbins and its eight species are revised. Species treatments summarize nomenclature, distribution, habitat, behavior, and diagnostic traits, as well as noting why each species is considered distinct under a biological species concept. An identifi cation key for males and a checklist are included. Beatheclus Bálint & Dahners new synonym is synonymized with Thepytus, and Thepytus beatrizae (Bálint & Dahners) is a new combination. Other nomenclatural actions include the description of Thepytus jennifer Busby & Robbins new species, Thepytus nancyana Busby & Robbins new species, and Thepytus carmen Robbins & Duarte new species. A lectotype is designated for Thecla thyrea Hewitson, 1867, to ensure stability of this name. A phylogenetic analysis based on 22 coded morphological characters yields one equal weight most parsimonious 39-step tree. Implied weighting does not change the tree topology. Unambiguous changes in elevation optimized on the cladogram show that a montane lineage of Thepytus colonized the lowlands in at least one instance. The use of T. echelta (Hewitson) as a biological control agent for Psittacanthus (Loranthaceae) is discussed.
Andes, Beatheclus, biological control, colonization of lowlands, implied weighting