Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 72(3): 309-329, doi: 10.3897/asp.72.e31792
Cryptic diversity of caddisflies in the Balkans: the curious case of Ecclisopteryx species (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae)
expand article infoAna Previšić, Wolfram Graf, Simon Vitecek§|, Mladen Kučinić, Miklós Bálint, Lujza Keresztes, Steffen U. Pauls, Johann Waringer
‡ University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia§ Wassercluster Lunz, Lunz, Austria| University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria¶ Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Open Access
Adults and larvae of two new cryptic, endemic caddisflies, Ecclisopteryx keroveci sp.n. and Ecclisopteryx ivkae sp.n., are described and illustrated from the Western Balkans. Phylogenetic analysis (Bayesian MCMCMC) and association of different life history stages in both cryptic species were achieved through comparison of morphological characters and mitochondrial (mtCOI and mtLSU) and nuclear (nuWG) gene sequence data. The new species form a sister clade to the widely distributed E. dalecarlica and E. guttulata, with which they were formerly misidentified. Adults differ from each other and other species in the genus by the uniquely shaped inferior appendages in males and segment X in females. The larvae differ from each other and their congeners in the shape of the pronotum, and presence and constitution of additional spines on the parietalia. Larvae of both species are grazers and prefer stony substrate. Ecclisopteryx keroveci sp.n. has a wide distribution in the Western Balkans, while E. ivkae sp.n. is endemic to Dalmatia. Our findings demonstrate the significance of the Western Balkans as a freshwater biodiversity hotspot, and accentuate the importance of research focused on freshwater biodiversity and biogeography in southern Europe.
Biodiversity, Drusinae, larval morphology, adult morphology, phylogeny